Before deciding on the right pair of runners, there’s a little biomechanics-101 to get through. You need to know your foot type – that is, whether you have low, high, or neutral arches. This is key to then determining your pronation – the side-to-side motion that your feet naturally move in.
People with normal arches usually have neutral pronation, where feet roll inward, making you less exposed to injury. Stability shoes, which have gentle arches and are flexible, are usually recommended here.
Low arches tend to cause overpronation – more commonly referred to as ‘flat feet’ – where your feet lean inwards, potentially causing damage to your knees. To correct this, you want something with lots of stability and rigidity, plus a firm midsole and cushioned heel. For this, motion control shoes provide a more rigid structure, which prevents the heel turning out.
High arches can cause underpronation (also known as supination), where your feet lean outwards, risking damage to things like your Achilles tendons, ankles, and shins. Here, you need something with maximum heel support and a flexible midsole. Cushioning shoes can be a helpful solution.