“Over the past 30 years it’s been the belief that you can’t spot reduce. But interestingly enough there’s a 2017 study that split 16 women into two groups. One group trained lower body, and the other trained upper. They found that in each group there was a significant weight reduction in the areas that were trained.
“For the most part, when people talk about spot reduction, they’re talking about doing something like crunches or sit-ups for their abs. In context, that’s not going to do much. If you’re doing big muscle groups – for example, the legs – you’re more likely to see an impact.
“If someone had a high body fat percentage and they were asking me about spot reduction, I’d say, ‘Let’s not look at this down the end of a straw.’ Instead, I’d try to get them looking at things as a whole and get them training in a way that’s going to give the greatest benefit – rather than trying to get them shredded by doing bicep curls.”